Skin Cancer Check Melbourne
What is Skin Cancer
Skin cancer is a major issue in countless places in the world including Australia. Skin cancer is one of the worst because of how common it is. This takes place because of abnormal cells in your epidermis or skin. These abnormal cells grow out of control thanks to DNA damage that causes mutations in your skin cells. They grow so quickly that they can form malignant tumors. To combat this, Melbourne has many places where you can check for skin cancer. In the skin check Melbourne, they can try and look for growths. If they can catch the cancer cells early, there is a strong chance they can eliminate them before it gets worse.
What Causes Skin Cancer
There are two causes of skin cancer that Melbourne doctors check for. Both of these involve exposure to Ultraviolet rays (UV rays.)
The first comes from exposure to the UV rays from the sun. While sun exposure is not bad in itself, too much of it can be very harmful. What is worse is that normally you can rely on protection from the Ozone layer which blocks out the worst of it. However, with the increasing pollution, the ozone layer is less effective. This is why Melbourne doctors often advise you to reduce sun exposure during skin cancer checks.
The second is exposure from UV rays but this time from tanning beds. To get your skin nice and tan, those beds expose you to plenty of UV rays up close. This is a huge risk ask it also makes cancer a very real side effect.
Types of Skin Cancer Melbourne Doctors Check For
There are three major types of skin cancer that doctors examine during a skin check Melbourne.
Basal Cell Carcinomas
This happens when the topmost layer of your skin, the epidermis is exposed to uncontrolled cell growth. The cells that are affected here are the basal cells and happen from overexposure to the sun. This usually occurs around your ears, neck, and scalp. They are very dangerous if you don’t treat them and let them spread further. If that happens, it can be fatal.
Squamous cell carcinoma
Similar to Basal Carcinomas, this type of cancer also affects the epidermis. They affect the Squamous cells which also cause uncontrolled growth. The difference here is that instead of UV rays from the sun, this comes from tanning beds. Melbourne skin cancer checks usually find them in places like your scalp, neck, and hands. This usually occurs in places that experience sun damage like wrinkles and age spots. Unlike Basal cancer, Squamous cancer is more severe. It can grow and spread rapidly if you don’t get treatment which can be fatal.
This cancer develops from the Melanocyte, the cells that color our skin and give pigmentation. This cancer is the type that manifests as moles and can appear anywhere. You can even find these in places where there is no direct sun exposure. This happens from intense sun exposure like the type that causes sunburns. It is the most dangerous of all skin cancers especially if it spreads. However, doctors in Melbourne can cure it if they detect it early in their skin cancer check.
Merkel Cell Carcinoma
This is a rare but dangerous type of cancer. These appear as lesions or nodules in areas with plenty of sun exposure. Over half the cases occur around the neck or head, particularly in the eyelids. The lesions are firm but painless and usually happen from sun exposure to victims over 50. The people who get this tend to be fair-skinned. This cancer moves quickly so skin cancer checks by Melbourne doctors must be done early.
How Melbourne Doctors Treat Skin Cancer
When talking about skin cancer, Melbourne doctors stress that early detection is key to success. Since cancer has a tendency to spread, catching it early and containing it is what your goal should be. Once the Melbourne skin check finds any cancer cells, the doctor can give you your options of how you can proceed.
Radiation: Radiation is one of the best treatments you have against cancer. It involves exposing the cells to high-energy rays like those of an X-ray. These penetrate the tumors and prevent them from growing or destroying them completely. Melbourne clinics use this both on the primary site of cancer and the at distance nodes. this is great for tumors that you cannot reach with surgery so that they can remain at bay.
Immunotherapy: This focuses on strengthening the body and its ability to fight cancer cells. This is done by releasing synthetic immune system proteins. These proteins are designed to attack the cancer cells and destroy them. Doctors can release this alone or in conjunction with other treatments. A type of this treatment is checkpoint blockade therapy which prevents the proteins from halting the production of white blood cells. This allows them to continue to grow and continuously attack the cancer cells.
Chemotherapy: This treatment involves a careful and systemic release of drugs into your body. These fight cancer cells to either destroy them or prevent them from growing. Doctors recommend this to patients who do not respond to Immunotherapy. This is because this treatment has its own side effects and its effects are not permanent. Studies show that for patients whose tumors went down, they began to grow again within three months.
Ways to Prevent Skin Cancer in Melbourne
The Skin Cancer offers a list of suggestions of preventative measures you can take to reduce the risk of getting cancer.
One of the most basic steps is to limit sun exposure. They recommend avoiding staying out in the sun from 10AM-4PM. This is because this is the time when the sun’s rays are at their worst and when the risk of sunburn is highest.
If you do plan on going out under the sun, then they recommend applying sunscreen. SPF 15 is for everyday use, but for times where you will be out for extended periods, SPF 30 is recommended.
You apply sunscreen for half an hour before going outside and reapply every few hours. However, if you are swimming or sweating, be sure to apply them again to prevent your current coat from wearing out.
In the same vein, they also say to avoid tanning beds at all costs. Those only tighten the risk and make it even more likely to get cancer from them.
They also say that it is advisable to examine your skin at least once a month. Here you can look for things such as moles or spots on your body that might be signs of cancer. They also suggest consulting with a dermatologist at least once a year so they can examine it as well.